When we are born we gasp for breath (golly it is cold out here) and thus begins a life of competing. We compete with the rest of the world for oxygen, for space, for way of life and a host of other things including knowledge.
When I was a youngster (a long time ago) most of us were familiar with or had horses and it was our job to see that they were properly cared for. Related thereto we also had some sayings, like don't look a gift horse in the mouth (you could judge the horse's age by looking at its teeth to see if they were worn down). Another saying was, you can lead a horse to water but you can't make him drink. While these sayings were related to horses they apply to many other things.
My philosophy about knowledge derived from the above. You can lead a person to information but you can't make him learn and interpret the information.
So what does this have to do with education? When I was in school we were presented with facts and were expected to learn them, like memorizing the multiplication tables. Those of us who choose not to learn were failed and did not advance to the next level of learning. Then along came our elite great thinkers in universities and the government. Wait a minute. Teachers must not fail a pupil because he is "dumb", it will hurt his psyche and he may not be able to understand failure. This failed student has not been taught (by his family) to compete for information. Now comes the "government" (school boards, teachers, "educators", etc.) who allows that all children should have equal education opportnity and to this end all children must have the same classes. However, none of us were created equal. We insist that "bright" students be in classess with students who have no interest in learning, so teachers slant their classes to include those who will not lear n, to the detriment of those who can and want to learn. Since it is verboten to fail a student we graduate from high school students some of whom may not be able to read or write and at the same time fail to give bright students the opportunities they deserve. You can lead a horse to water but you can't make him drink.
Somehow we must get the "elite thinkers" out of education, get back to the basics of education and provide proper educational opportunities for those capable of learning. For those unable or unwilling to learn we need to provide another type of learning that will eneble them to compete for a living. Early on people must understand the consequences of not competing for life and a way of living. This will lead you to consider the consequences of our welfare system.
In my opinion a teacher's job is to expose students to information in such a way that the student wants to learn. When a student learns information he becomes educated. Knowledge is the ability to wisely utilize education gained by learning.